Some people think that all composting toilets smell. This
is definitely not the case with the Rota-Loo system. The smell that one
normally associates with sewerage or septic tanks is actually caused by
anaerobic bacteria, these are formed when too much water or liquid is mixed
with urine and faecal material.
As the Rota-Loo is a waterless system, it is designed not to replicate the same conditions as in a septic system. Each of the six internal composting bins has a geo-textile filter material in the bottom. The Geo-textile material has a porous rate of around 300 litres per second per square meter and a mesh density of 175 microns, which means that liquids and oxygen can pass through whilst not allowing any solids (larger than 0.175mm) to get through. This means that all solids are retained in the bin and liquids are allowed to separate. From this it is plain to see that the process is completely aerobic and smells are minimised.
The other safeguard you have with the Rota-Loo system is the convenience of being able to put an extraction fan into the system.
There is a fan available for every known power supply
voltage. Air, continually being pulled through the Rota-Loo to the vent,
creates a negative pressure at the pedestal. This means that a small amount
of air is also being taken from the toilet room, (this becomes an obvious
advantage especially when you have to go to the toilet straight after someone
else). With the Rota-Loo system, the air in the toilet room is always nice
and fresh because any odours are taken away down the waste chute.
Evaporation and Rates of Composting:
The second advantage of having a continuous airflow is its ability to evaporate liquid. One of the design criteria for the Rota-Loo installation is that the air inlet is placed diagonally opposite the vent pipe. The air inlet is placed as close to the base of the system as possible with the vent coming off closer to the top. This allows for the air to pass directly over the liquid, which has drained through the bin and is stored in the base of the Rota-loo under the turntable.
Complete evaporation is achieved through a combination of factors. A high differential between the ambient temperature of the liquid inside the system and the air temperature which passes over the surface of the liquid as well as the volume and rate of air change. For every 10 degrees of heat that can be generated or brought in to the system the composting rate can be doubled and the evaporation rate significantly increased. The site and installation of the Rota-Loo is therefore very important. The air inlet for the Rota-Loo should be placed in an area or position where naturally warmed air occurs and the system should be insulated, preferably in a dedicated room.
Where possible small Soltran modules can be incorporated into the building design to provide the ultimate environment for the composting system. Not everyone is able to provide the best possible environment for their composting toilet so our distributors are able to advise on the best place for your Rota-Loo to be installed. They have learnt from our 25 years experience in the business.
One of the latest innovations to come from our research
program is the development of the “Separating Pedestal”. The importance
of this pedestal is quite significant. The separating pedestal can help
in the elimination of odours whilst increasing the rate of decomposition
(regardless of the temperature range) and produce a reusable product. This
development increases the range of installation possibilities and can ensure
a high degree of operating efficiency.
Because, when urine is taken out of the composting process the Carbon to Nitrogen ratio is much closer to its optimum relationship. The amount of liquid in the pile will be significantly reduced leaving the system in an aerobic condition and the Urine can be stored separately to be used as a natural organic fertilizer.
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